Han, Chengyuan ORCID: 0000-0001-5220-402X, Witthaut, Dirk ORCID: 0000-0002-3623-5341, Gorjao, Leonardo Rydin and Boettcher, Philipp C. (2022). Collective effects and synchronization of demand in real-time demand response. J. Phys.-Complex., 3 (2). BRISTOL: IOP Publishing Ltd. ISSN 2632-072X

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Future energy systems will be dominated by variable renewable power generation and interconnected sectors, leading to rapidly growing complexity. Flexible elements are required to balance the variability of renewable power sources, including backup generators and storage devices, but also flexible consumers. Demand response (DR) aims to adapt the demand to the variable generation, in particular by shifting the load in time. In this article, we provide a detailed statistic analysis of the collective operation of many DR units. We establish and simulate a model for load shifting in response to real-time electricity pricing using local storage systems. We show that DR drives load shifting as desired but also induces strong collective effects that may threaten system stability. The load of individual households synchronizes, leading to extreme demand peaks. We provide a detailed statistical analysis of the grid load and quantify both the likelihood and extent of extreme demand peaks.

Item Type: Journal Article
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Han, ChengyuanUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0001-5220-402XUNSPECIFIED
Witthaut, DirkUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-3623-5341UNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-669209
DOI: 10.1088/2632-072X/ac6477
Journal or Publication Title: J. Phys.-Complex.
Volume: 3
Number: 2
Date: 2022
Publisher: IOP Publishing Ltd
Place of Publication: BRISTOL
ISSN: 2632-072X
Language: English
Faculty: Unspecified
Divisions: Unspecified
Subjects: no entry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
SYSTEMSMultiple languages
Mathematics, Interdisciplinary Applications; Multidisciplinary Sciences; Physics, MathematicalMultiple languages
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/66920


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