Manke, Albert (2015). El "pueblo" cubano y la revolución de 1959. In: El pueblo de Europa y su voz en el espacio cultural europeo: ¿Quién es el pueblo? – ¡Nosotros somos el pueblo!, pp. 36-44. Universität zu Köln, Arbeitskreis Spanien - Portugal - Lateinamerika.


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Concerned with questions arising from the very concept of pueblo (“people”), this article starts exploring related implications in the frame of revolutionary nationalist thinking in Cuba from José Martí to Fidel Castro. Martí's thoughts were embedded in the major theoretical currents of the newly rising anti-imperialist interpretation of Hispano-Americanism, like those of José Enrique Rodó. This article then looks at the transfer of Martí's concept of pueblo to revolutionary Cuba of 1959, concentrating on the discursive use of its mobilizing dimension performed by Castro. Castro’s efforts are shown as having been shaped by the changing composition of the popular base of support of the revolution, as well as by Castro’s strategy of creating a revolutionary unity. This had a polarizing effect, as he used the concept of pueblo to establish political and ideological markers of belonging and national identity. Finally, the article concludes that Castro successfully connected the aims of the revolution and its popular support to the task of national liberation of and equality for the Cuban people already envisioned by Martí, hinting at the assumption that the concept of pueblo not only responded to patterns of social stratification, but also received constant political and ideological redefinitions.

Item Type: Book Section, Proceedings Item or annotation in a legal commentary
CreatorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
EditorsEmailORCIDORCID Put Code
Wentzlaff-Eggebert, Christianmail-aspla(at)uni-koeln.deUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Traine, Martínmail-aspla(at)uni-koeln.deUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-75223
Title of Book: El pueblo de Europa y su voz en el espacio cultural europeo: ¿Quién es el pueblo? – ¡Nosotros somos el pueblo!
Series Name at the University of Cologne: Kölner Beiträge zur Lateinamerika-Forschung
Volume: 13
Page Range: pp. 36-44
Date: 2015
Publisher: Universität zu Köln, Arbeitskreis Spanien - Portugal - Lateinamerika
ISSN: 1438-6887
Language: Spanish
Divisions: Faculty of Arts and Humanities > Zentrale Forschungseinrichtungen > Zentrum für Lateinamerika
Subjects: Romance languages French
Geography and history
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Cuba, Revolución Cubana, pueblo, identidad, nacionalismo, antiimperialismo, panamericanismo, Fidel Castro, José Martí.Spanish
Cuba, Cuban Revolution, people, identity, nationalism, anti-imperialism, pan-americanism, Fidel Castro, José Martí.English
Related URLs:
Refereed: No


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