Espana Eljaiek, Irina Rosa (2017). Actors, Institutional Change and Reproduction. The Colombian Case of Racial Exclusion and Local Socio-Economic Performance 1886–1950. PhD thesis, Universität zu Köln.


Download (4MB)


This research analyzes the effects of an informal exclusionary institution on local socio-economic outcomes. Specifically, focusing on the Afro-descendant population, it analyzes the effects of the informal institution of racial exclusion on local socio-economic outcomes in Colombia in the late nineteenth and mid-twentieth centuries. The study pursues two major research aims. First, I identify the effect of racial exclusion on socio-economic outcomes. Second, I study how racial exclusion and socio-economic outcomes are causally linked. In other words, I identify a theoretical mechanism. In order to accomplish these research aims, I take a multimethod approach. I use quantitative techniques to estimate the effects of racial exclusion on socio-economic outcomes, and I apply qualitative theory-building process-tracing to identify a theoretical mechanism between racial exclusion and socio-economic outcomes – namely, public good provision. The quantitative results show that racial exclusion has negative effects on socio-economic outcomes in the Colombian case. They indicate that municipalities with a higher share of Afro-descendant individuals have a lower provision of public goods for development, and a lower level of economic performance. The qualitative analysis identifies a theoretical “mechanism of reaction” between the informal exclusionary institution and local socio-economic outcomes. According to this hypothesis, the informal institution of racial exclusion shapes three specific actors: non-aggrieved actors, mid-aggrieved actors, and aggrieved actors, all of whom react to the exclusionary institution by displaying five different types of behavior: adoption, adaptation, non-cooperation, revision, and contestation of the informal exclusionary institution. These types of behavior, in turn, either alter or reinforce the informal exclusionary institution. The results indicate that alterations and reinforcements have effects on socio-economic outcomes when actors’ behavior is related to initiatives for the local political economy of public good provision. Hence, behavior such as adoption, adaptation, and non-cooperation facilitates low public good provision. In contrast, revision and contestation tend to facilitate effective initiatives for better public good provision.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD thesis)
Espana Eljaiek, Irina Rosair.espana41@gmail.comUNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-75975
Series Name: Studies on the Social and Political Constitution of the Economy
Publisher: International Max Planck Research School on the Social and Political Constitution of the Economy
ISBN: 978-3-946416-16-6
Subjects: Social sciences
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institutional changeUNSPECIFIED
Institutional reproductionUNSPECIFIED
Local socio-economic performanceUNSPECIFIED
Racial exclusionUNSPECIFIED
Faculty: Faculty of Management, Economy and Social Sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Management, Economy and Social Sciences
Language: English
Date: 19 May 2017
Date of oral exam: 2 June 2016
NameAcademic Title
Burhop, CarstenProf. Dr.
Trampusch, ChristineProf. Dr.
Full Text Status: Public
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2017 14:03
Funders: IMPRS-SPCE and University of Cologne
References: Ministerio de Educación Nacional . (1951). Memoria del ministro de educación nacional . Ed. Iqueima. Acemoglu, D., & Robinson, J. (2006). De facto political power and institutional persistence. AEA Papers and Proceedings, 325-330. Acemoglu, D., & Robinson, J. (2006). Economic Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy. New York: Cambridge University Press. Acemoglu, D., & Robinson, J. (2008). Persistence of power, elites and institutions. American Economic Review, 267-293. Acemoglu, D., & Robinson, J. (2008). The persistence and change of institutions in the America . Southern economic journal, 282–299. Acemoglu, D., & Robinson, J. (2012). Why the Nations Fail. The Origens of Power, Prosperity and Poverty. New York: Crown Publishers. Acemoglu, D., Garcia-Jimeno, C., & Robinson, J. (2014). State Capacity and Economic Development: A Network Approach. NBER Working Paper. Acemoglu, D., García-Jimeno, C., & Robinson, J. A. (2012). Finding Eldorado: Slavery and long-run development in Colombia. Journal of Comparative Economics, 534-64. Acemoglu, D., Johnson, S., & Robinson, J. (2001). The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation. American Economic Review, 1369-1401. Acemoglu, D., Johnson, S., & Robinson, J. (2002). Reversal of Fortune: Geography and Institutions in the Making of the Modern World Income Distribution. Quartely Journal of Economics, 1231-94. Acemoglu, D., Johnson, S., & Robinson, J. (2005). Institutions as a Fundamental Cause of Long-run Growth. In E. b. N., Handbook ofEconomic Gmwth (pp. 386-414). Elsevier B.V. Acemoglu, D., Johnson, S., & Robinson, J. (2012). The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An EMpirical Investigation: Reply. American Economic Review. Acemoglu, D., Johnson, S., Robinson, J., & Yared, P. (2008). Income and Democracy. American Economic Review. Acemoglu, D., Reed, T., & Robinson, J. (2014). Chiefs: Economic Development and Elite Control of Civil Society in Sierra Leone. Journal of Political Economy. Adcock, & Collier. (2001). Measurement validity: A shared standart for qualitative and quantitative research. American Political Science Review, 529-546. Aghion, P., Alesina, A., & Trebbi, F. (2004). Endogenous Political Institutions. QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS. Aguilera Peña, M. (1997). La designatura presidencial: una genuina institución colombiana Política y diplomacia en la historia de Colombia;. Retrieved 03 12, 2016, from Credencial Historia No 94 Publicación digital en la página web de la Biblioteca Luis Ángel Arango del Banco de la República: Alesina, A., & La Ferrara, E. (2004). Ethnic Diversity and Economic Performance. NBER Working Paper No. 10313. Alesina, A., Spolaore, E., & Wacziarg, R. (2000). Economic Integration and Political. American Economic Review. Amsden, A., & DiCaprio, A. (2012). Understanding the dynamic of elite behaviour in a development context`. In A. Amsde, A. DiCaprio, & J. Robinson, The Role of ELites in Economic Development (pp. 351-361). Oxford UK: Oxford University Press. Amsden, A., & DiCaprio, A. R. (2012). The Role of ELites in Economic Development. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Andrew, R. (1992). Racial Inequality in Brazil and the United States: A Statistical Comparison. Journal of Soc. Hist. , 229-263. Appelbaum, N. (1999). Whitening the Region: Caucano Mediation and "Antioqueño Colonization" in Nineteenth-Century Colombia. The Hispanic American Historical Review, 631-667. Appelbaum, N. (2003). Muddied Waters. Duke University Press. Appelbaum, N. (2006). Contentious Republicans: Popular Politics, Race, and Class in Nineteenth-Century Colombia byJames E. Sanders Review by: Nancy P. Appelbaum. Journal of Latin American Studies,, 206-208. Arndt, H. (1987). Economic Development: The History of an Idea . Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. Arocha, J. (1998). La Inclusion de los Afrocolombianos ¿Meta inalcanzable? In L. Maya, Geografia Humana de Colombia (pp. 341-95). Guadalupe Ltda. Arriaga, L. (2006). Catedra de Estudios Afrocolombianos a Leccion. Los Negros 150 anos despues de la abolicion de la esclavitud en Colombia. Bogota: RC publicaciones LTDA. Baez, B. (2000). Agency, Structure, and Power: An Inquiry into Racism and Resistance for Education. Studies in Philosophy and Education, 329-348. Baker, L., & Patterson, T. (1994). Race, Racism, and the History of U.S. Anthropology. Transforming Anthropology. Banerjee, A., & Iyer, L. (2005). History, Institutions, and Economic Performance: The Legacy of Colonial Land Tenure System in India. The American Economy Review, 1190-1213. Barro, R., & McCleary, R. (2003). Religion and Economic Growth across Countries. American Sociological Review, 760-80. Beach, D., & Brun Pedersen, R. (2013). Case selection techniques in Process-tracing and the implications of taking the study of causal mechanisms seriously. Unpublished manuscript. Beach, D., & Pedersen, R. (2013). Process-Tracing Methods: Foundations and Guidelines. The University of Michigan Press. Becker, S. O., & Woessmann, L. (2009). Was Weber Wrong? A Human Capital Theory of Protestant Economic History. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 531-596. Beckert, J., & Streeck, W. (2008). Economic Sociology and Political Economy. A Programmatic Perspective. MPIfG Working Paper, 1-25. Bennett, A. (2008). Process Tracing: a Bayesian perspective. In J. Box-Steffensmeier, H. Brady, & D. Collier (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Political Methodology (pp. 702-721). Oxford. Bennett, A., & Checkel, J. (2012). Process Tracing: From Philosophical Roots to Best Practices. Simons Papers in Security and Development, 1-48. Bennett, A., & Checkel, J. (2015). Process tracing from Metaphor to Analytic Tool. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Berlin, I. (1991). Reviewed Work: The Overthrow of Colonial Slavery, 1776-1848 by Robin Blackburn. nternational Labor and Working-Class History. Besley, T., & Reynal-Querol, M. (2012). The Legacy of Historical Conflict Evidence from Africa. ERSA working paper. Bivens, D. (2005). What Is Internalized Racism? In M. Potapchkk, S. Leiderman, D. Bivens, & B. Major, Flipping the Script: White Privilege and Community Building (pp. 43-52). MP Associates, Inc. and the Center for Assessment and Policy Development (CAPD). Blackburn, R. (1988). The Overthrow of Colonial Slavery. London: Verso. Blanchard, L. (2010). The Brutal Side of Nineteenth-Century Liberalism. H-net Reviews in the humanities & social sciences, 1-3. Bobo, L., & Fox, C. (2003). Race, Racism, and Discrimination: Bridging Problems, Methods, and Theory in Social Psychological Research. ocial Psychology Quarterly. Bonet, J. (2008). ¿Por qué es pobre el Chocó? In J. Viloria, Economías del Pacífico colombiano. CEP-Banco de la República-Biblioteca Luis Ángel Arango. Bonet, J., & Meisel, A. (2007). El legado colonial y el desarrollo regional en Colombia. Revista de Historia Económica, 367-94. Botero, F. (1985). La Industrialización en Antioquia: génesis y consolidación 1900 - 1930. Medellín: L. Vieco Cia. Botero, M. (2007). La ruta del oro Una Economía primaria exportadora. Antioquia 1850-1890. Medellín: Fondo Editorial Universidad EAFIT. Bowser, F. (1974). The African Slave in Colonial Peru, 1524-1650. Stanford California: Stanford University Press. Brew, R. (2000). El desarrollo económico de Antioquia desde la independencia hasta 1920. Medellin: Universidad de Antioquia. Bushnell, D. (1993). The Making of modern Colombia: a nation in spite of itself. London: University of California Press. Caballero, J. (1981). Economía agraria de la Sierra peruana Antes de la Reforma Agraria de 1969. Instituto de Estudios Peruanos. Caicedo, M. (1992, 08 09). Pilares de la educación chocoana. Medellín : Quibdó: E-Book. Campbell, J. (2010). Institutional Reproduction and Change. In G. Morgan, J. Campbell, C. Crouch, O. Pedersen, & R. Whitley, The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Institutional Analysis. Oxford University Press. Carruthers, B. (2012). Institutional Dynamics: When is Change “Real Change”? Comparative-Historical Social Science (CHSS) Working Paper Series, 1-25. Carter, J. (1994). Racism's impact on mental health. Journal of the national medical association. Castillo, A., & Varela, D. (2013). Conflictos entre libres afrodescendientes y la Compañía Minera Chocó Pacífico en el río Condoto, Chocó 1916-1931. In A. Ardila, & D. Varela, Las compañias Chocó Pacífico y Tropical Oil a comienzos del siglo Retratos en blanco y negro . Bogotá: Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Comisión para la Celebración del Bicentenario de la Independencia. Castillo, A; Varela, D; Universidad Nacional de Colombia. (2013). Las companias Chocó Pacífico y Tropical Oil a comienzos del siglo blanco y negro. Bogota: Editorial Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Centeno, M. (1997). Blood and Debt: War and Taxation in Nineteenth-Century Latin America. American Journal of Sociology, 1565-1605. Checkel, J. (2005). It’s the Process Stupid! Process Tracing in the Study of Europeanand International Politics. Center for Europeans Studies University of Oslo. Arena, 1-29. Chocó, I. N. (1908). Informe del Intendente Nacional del Chocó. Bogota: Imprenta Nacional. Chocó, I. N. (1919). Memoria del Intendente Nacional del Chocó al señor Ministro de Gobierno. Quibdó: Imprenta Oficial. Chocó, I. N. (1940). Informe del Intendente Nacional del Chocó al señor Ministro de Gobierno. Quibdó: Imprenta Oficial. Chocó, I. N. (1941). Informe del Intendente Nacional del Chocó al Ministro de Gobierno. Quibdó: Imprenta Oficial. Chocó, P. A. (1924). Informe que el Prefecto Apostólico del Chocó rinde al ilustrísimo y reverendísimo Arzobispo de Colombia, como Presidente de la Junta Arquideosesana de Misiones 1919-1923. Bogotá: Imprenta Nacional . (2014, August 14). EL CHOCÓ DE AYER. Retrieved from Chocó 7 días Edición No. 975: (2014, agosto 15 a 21). EL CHOCÓ DE AYER. Retrieved from Chocó 7 días Edición No. 976: (2014, diciembre 5 a 11). EL CHOCÓ DE AYER. Retrieved from Chocó 7 días Edición No. 992: (2014, enero 10 a 16). EL CHOCÓ DE AYER. Retrieved from Chocó 7 días Edición No. 946: (2014, marzo 14 a 20). EL CHOCÓ DE AYER. Retrieved from Chocó 7 días Edición No. 955: Clemens, E., & Cook, J. (1999). Politics and Institutionalism: Explaining Durability and Change. Annual Review of Sociology, 441-466. Collier, D., & Mahoney, J. (1996). Insights and Pitfalls: Selection Bias in Qualitative Research. World Politics, 59-91. Collier, R. (1999). Path toward Democracy. New York: Cambrige University Press. Conning, J., & Robinson, J. (2007). Property rights and the political organization of agriculture. Journal of Development Economics, 416-447. Consejo Nacional para Prevenir la Discriminación CONAPRED. (2011). Documento informativo sobre Discriminación Racial en México. Contreras, C., & Zoloaga, M. (2014). Historia mínima de Perú. Mexico: El Colegio de Mexico. Crespo, J. (2004). The Party System and Democratic Governance in Mexico. Washington: Policy Papers on the Americas. Crocker, J. (2007). The effects of racism-related stress on the psychological and physiological well-being of non-whites. Rivier academic journal. Cuesta, M. (1986). EL Choco, ayer, hoy y manana. Coleccion Fundacion Publicaciones Consigna. DANE. (n.d.). La visibilización estadística de los grupos étnicos colombianos. 1-56. De Ita, A. (2006). Land Concentration in Mexico after PROCEDE. In P. P. Rosset, & M. Courville, Promised Land. Competing Visions of Agrarian Reforms (pp. 148-164). Oakland, California: FOOD FIRST BOOKS. De la Cadena, M. (2000). Indigenous Mestizos. The Politics of Race and Culture in Cuzco, Peru, 1919-1991. Durham & London: Duke University Press. De la Cadena, M. (2001). The Racial Politics of Culture and Silent Racism in Peru. Racism and Public Policy UNRISD. De la Cadena, M. (2001). The Racial Politics of Culture and Silent Racism in Peru. Racism and Public Policy conference paper UNRISD, 1-14. Dell, M. (2010). The Persistence Effects of Peru's Mining Mita. Econometrica, 1863-1903. Diamond, J. (1997). Guns, Germs and Steel: The Fate of Human Societies. New York: Norton. Diaz-Cayeros, A., Magaloni, B., & Weingast, B. (2003). Tragic Brilliance: Equilibrium Hegemony And Democratization in Mexico. Manuscript. DiCaprio, A. (2012). Introduction: The Role of Elites in Economic Development. In A. Amsden, A. DiCaprio, & J. Robinson, The Role of ELites in Economic Development (pp. 1-18). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Dillon Soares, G., & Reyna, J. (1967). Raza y Calses Sociales en Mexico. Ciencias Polit. Soc. , 201-220. DiMaggio, P., & Powell, W. (1991). Introduction. In P. DiMaggio, & W. Powell, The New Institutionalism in Organizational Analysis. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press. do Valle Silva, N. (2000). A Research Note on the Cost of Not being White in Brazil. Studies in Comparative International Development, 18-28. Dobado, R., & Garcia, H. (2010). Colonial Origins of Inequality in Hispanic America? Some reflections based on new empirical evidence. Revista de Historia Econo´mica, Journal of lberian and Latin American Economic History, 253-277. Drzewieniecki, J. (2004). Peruvian youth and racism: The category of ‘race’ remains strong. ponencia preparada para la Reunión 2004 de Latin American Studies Association. Las Vegas. Easterly, W., & Levine, R. (1997). Africa’s Growth Tragedy: Policies and Ethnic Divisions. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 1203-1250. Easterly, W., & Levine, R. (2003). Tropics, Germs and Crops: How Endowments Influence Economic Development. Journal of Monetary Economics. Engerman, S., & Sokoloff, K. (2012). Economic Development in the Americas since 1500. Endowments and Institutions. New York: Cambridge University Press. Erikson, M. (2012). Los niños indígenas quechuas de la sierra peruana Un análisis interseccional y postcolonial de la situación actual y sus derechos . Institutionen för spanska, portugisiska och latinamerikastudier Stockholms Universitet. Esman, M. (1997). Public Administration, Ethnic Conflic, and Economic Development. Public Administration Review, 527-533. España, I., & Sanchez, F. (2010). Industrialización regional, café y capital humano en la primera mitad del siglo XX en Colombia. Documento CEDE, 1-56. España, I., & Sanchez, F. (2012). Colonial Mestizaje and its Consequences for Human Capital and Early Twentieth Century Regional Industrialization in Colombia. Documentos CEDE, 1-36. Esquivel, G. (2015). Extreme Inequality in Mexico. Concentration of economic power and political power. Mexico: Even it up OXFAM. Evans, P. (2006). Extending the institutional turn: Property, politics and development trajectories. Research Paper, UNU-WIDER, United Nations University (UNU), 1-15. Falen, B. (1985). Environmental Diversity, Socioeconomic Disparity and Regional Development in Contemporary Peru. GeoJournal, 15-28. Falleti, T., & Lynch, J. (2009). Context and Causal Mechanisms in Political Analysis. Comparative Political Studies, 1143-66. Fearon, J., & Laitin, D. (1996). Explaining inter Ethnic Cooperation. American Political Science Review, 715-729. Fearon, J., & Laitin, D. (2008). Qualitative and Quantitative Methods. In Box-Steffensmeier, H. Brady, & D. Collier, The Oxford Handbook of Political methodology (pp. 757-776). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Fernandez, M. (2014). Instituciones y Exito Regional Cafetero en Colombia. Revista de Economia Institucional, 215-240. Ferranti, D., Perry, G., Ferreira, F., & Walton, M. (2004). Inequality in Latin America. Washington DC: The World Bank. Flórez, ,. C., Urréa Giraldo, F., & Medina, C. (2001). Understanding the cost of social exclusion due to race or ethnic background in Latin America and caribbean countries. CEDE, Centro de Estudios sobre Desarrollo Económico. Doc. de trabajo / Informes. Fluehr-Lobban, C. (2006). Race and Racism. Oxford: AltaMira Press. Foster, D. (1991). ‘Race’ and Racism in S
Refereed: Yes
Status: Published


Downloads per month over past year


Actions (login required)

View Item View Item