Stéphan, Gwendoline (2016). Modeling chemistry in massive star forming regions with internal PDRs. PhD thesis, Universität zu Köln.

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Abstract

Over the past decades star formation has been a very attractive field because knowledge of star formation leads to a better understanding of the formation of planets and thus of our solar system but also of the evolution of galaxies. Conditions leading to the formation of high-mass stars are still under investigation but an evolutionary scenario has been proposed: As a cold pre-stellar core collapses under gravitational force, the medium warms up until it reaches a temperature of 100 K and enters the hot molecular core (HMC) phase. The forming central proto-star accretes materials, increasing its mass and luminosity and eventually it becomes sufficiently evolved to emit UV photons which irradiate the surrounding environment forming a hyper compact (HC) and then a ultracompact (UC) HII region. At this stage, a very dense and very thin internal photon-dominated region (PDR) forms between the HII region and the molecular core. Information on the chemistry allows to trace the physical processes occurring in these different phases of star formation. Formation and destruction routes of molecules are influenced by the environment as reaction rates depend on the temperature and radiation field. Therefore, chemistry also allows the determination of the evolutionary stage of astrophysical objects through the use of chemical models including the time evolution of the temperature and radiation field. Because HMCs host a very rich chemistry with high abundances of complex organic molecules (COMs), several astrochemical models have been developed to study the gas phase chemistry as well as grain chemistry in these regions. In addition to HMCs models, models of PDRs have also been developed to study in particular photo-chemistry. So far, few studies have investigated internal PDRs and only in the presence of outflows cavities. Thus, these unique regions around HC/UCHII regions remain to be examined thoroughly. My PhD thesis focuses on the spatio-temporal chemical evolution in HC/UC HII regions with internal PDRs as well as in HMCs. The purpose of this study is first to understand the impact and effects of the radiation field, usually very strong in these regions, on the chemistry. Secondly, the goal is to study the emission of various tracers of HC/UCHII regions and compare it with HMCs models, where the UV radiation field does not impact the region as it is immediately attenuated by the medium. Ultimately we want to determine the age of a given region using chemistry in combination with radiative transfer.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD thesis)
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Stéphan, Gwendolinestephan@ph1.uni-koeln.deUNSPECIFIED
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:38-70997
Subjects: Physics
Uncontrolled Keywords:
KeywordsLanguage
Astrochemistry: Chemical evolutionUNSPECIFIED
Massive star formation: HC/UCHII regions – Hot molecular coresUNSPECIFIED
Photodissociation regionsUNSPECIFIED
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences > I. Physikalisches Institut
Language: English
Date: 14 December 2016
Date of oral exam: 4 November 2016
Referee:
NameAcademic Title
Schilke, PeterProf. Dr.
Wolf, SebastianProf. Dr.
Despois, DidierDr.
Refereed: Yes
URI: http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/id/eprint/7099

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